Resources

Getting a Head Start on College Savings

The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates a middle-income family with a child born today can expect to spend about $285,000 to raise that child to the age of 17.¹ That’s roughly equal to the median value of a new home in the U.S.²

And if you’ve already traded that super-charged convertible dream for a minivan, you can expect your little one’s college education to cost as much as $360,000.³

But before you throw your hands up in the air and send junior out looking for a job, you might consider a few strategies to help you prepare for the cost of higher education.

First, take advantage of time. The time value of money is the concept that the money in your pocket today is worth more than the same amount will be worth tomorrow because it has more earning potential. If you put $100 a month toward your child’s college education, after 17 years’ time, you would have saved $20,400. But that same $100 a month would be worth over $32,000 if it had generated a 5% annual rate of return.⁴ The bottom line is, the earlier you start, the more time you give your money to grow.

Fast Fact: In-district tuition and fees at public two-year colleges is lowest in California at $1,430 and highest in Vermont at $7,740.
Source: The College Board, 2017

Second, don’t panic. Every parent knows the feeling—one minute you’re holding a little miracle in your arms, the next you’re trying to figure out how to pay for braces, piano lessons, and summer camp. You may feel like saving for college is a pipe dream. But remember, many people get some sort of help in the form of financial aid and scholarships. Although it’s difficult to forecast how much help you may get in aid and scholarships, they can provide a valuable supplement to what you have already saved.

Finally, weigh your options.There are a number of federal and state-sponsored tax-advantaged college savings programs available. Some offer prepaid tuition plans and others offer tax-deferred savings.5 Many such plans are state sponsored so the details will vary from one state to the next. A number of private colleges and universities now also offer prepaid tuition plans for their institutions. It pays to do your homework to find the vehicle that may work best for you.

As a parent, you teach your children to dream big and believe in their ability to overcome any obstacle. By investing wisely, you can help tackle the financial obstacles of higher education for them—and smooth the way for them to pursue their dreams.

  1. U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2017
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, 2017
  3. The College Board, 2018. (Based on average tuition and fees for private universities in 2017-2018 and assuming a 5% annual increase)
  4. The rate of return on investments will vary over time, particularly for longer-term investments. Investments that offer the potential for higher returns also carry a higher degree of risk. Actual results will fluctuate. Past performance does not guarantee future results.
  5. The tax implications of education savings programs can vary significantly from state to state, and some plans may provide advantages and benefits exclusively for their residents. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. Withdrawals from tax-advantaged education savings programs that are not used for education are subject to ordinary income taxes and may be subject to penalties.
The content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. The information in this material is not intended as tax or legal advice. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. This material was developed and produced by FMG Suite to provide information on a topic that may be of interest. FMG Suite is not affiliated with the named broker-dealer, state- or SEC-registered investment advisory firm. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security. Copyright 2018 FMG Suite.

Donating Art: Taxation Abstraction

The varied reasons to donate art include a personal affinity for a museum, the desire to create a legacy, and the tax consideration that may come with the donation.

The tax rules surrounding the tax deduction of art are complex and confusing.¹

When donating art, donors can generally claim a federal tax deduction of up to 30% of their adjusted gross income each year. If the value of the donation exceeds this 30% limit, the excess can be deducted in subsequent years—up to five years—subject to the 30% limit in each year.²

Where It Becomes Complicated

The deduction may be based on the appraised value of the donated artwork if the recipient qualifies as a public tax-exempt organization, which is generally defined as an institution that receives at least a third of its financial support from the public. Museums, schools, hospitals, and churches are examples of a public tax-exempt organization.

If you are donating art to a private tax-exempt organization, e.g., a private foundation, your deduction will be based on the price you paid for the donated art.

Even if you are donating art to a public tax-exempt organization, a deduction based on the appraised value requires that the donation be related to the recipient’s mission—a requirement not likely met by organizations other than museums. A failure to meet that test results in a deduction based on the purchase price.

Look Before You Leap

Even if your donation passes the test, potential land mines remain.

If the recipient sells the donated art within three years, the allowable deduction will revert to the purchase price instead of the appraised value, leaving you with a potential exposure to back taxes. Since you are able to negotiate the terms of your gift, you may want to secure a promise not to sell the art within three years of its donation.

The Internal Revenue Service may choose to challenge your appraisal with its own to ensure against inflated appraisals. Penalties can be stiff, so you should make sure your appraiser has facts, such as comparable sales, to back up his or her appraisal.

  1. The information in this material is not intended as tax or legal advice. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation.
  2. This is a hypothetical example used for illustrative purposes only. It is not representative of any specific art donation.
The content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. The information in this material is not intended as tax or legal advice. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. This material was developed and produced by FMG Suite to provide information on a topic that may be of interest. FMG Suite is not affiliated with the named broker-dealer, state- or SEC-registered investment advisory firm. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security. Copyright 2018 FMG Suite.